Representation of Refined-Carbohydrate Diet, image - Economist, December, 2003.
... the Centenarian Diet is a lifesytle that changes this and explores plausible plans for longevity, anti-aging and increasing lifespan and healthspan, using diet, science, healthy living,
and exercise as the foundation, with the goal of becoming Centenarians, living to 100 or beyond. The U.S. News & World Report evaluated the top diets and published their list as
Best Diets Overall (2,2a)
The 20th Century Invented ..., the
Refined-Carbohydrate Disease.. References to
The Saccharine Disease started in 1956 and
[Cleave 1974](3) described the
Conditions caused by the Taking of Refined Carbohydrates, such as Sugar and White Flour in his book.
Just after WWII, 1947, the first warning were being reported in the news about the
Refined-Carbohydrate Disease. Interestingly, in the 1930's, food scientists realized that
Refined Grains were not providing enough nutrients. Consumers, particularly children, were developing symptoms of malnutrition. Thus, grain enrichment and fortification became standard.
(4,5,6) (Irony 1) (Note 1)
And guess what - Rickets and Scurvy are back.
"... it's easier to fool people, than to convince them that they have been fooled!" ... Mark Twain
The Centenarian Diet | Essentially - LCHF Lifestyle
"... the first question you should ask yourself when you wake up each day - What genes am I going to turn on today?" ...70GoingOn100
Shaking off the bad habits and ignorance of the 20th century and living to 100 and Beyond.
Dr. Bruce Ames (7,8) has a youTube video interview with Dr. Rhonda Patrick (7,9) on the Triage Theory, Longevity Vitamins & Micronutrients | february/2015 , (7,7a) in which he proposes that the body has developed a rationing response to shortages of micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) throughout evolution. When cells run out of a vitamin or mineral, that scarce micronutrient is allotted to proteins, enzymes, and nutritional pathways (in the body) essential for short-term survival. Proteins needed for long-term health, including those that protect DNA, lose out and become disabled and lead to diseases of aging.
Dr. Ames discuss how the RDAs/RDI (Wiki) are chosen and proposes a new class of "Longevity vitamins". These nutrients exist mostly to prevent degenerative diseases of aging in addition to essential vitamins and minerals we need to support our metabolic pathways. Dr. Ames discusses his research and this Triage of Nutrients ... Vitamin and Mineral Inadequacy Accelerates Aging-associated Disease | march/2014 . (7,7a,8,8a) (V1) Also, discussing micronutrients and aging pathways is Dr. Patrick on Micronutrients for the Prevention of Age-Related Diseases and Brain Dysfunction | june/2016 .
A good example of Ames'Triage Theoryis demonstrated when calcium is released from the bones into the blood stream as a short-term survival response to reduce the metabolic over acidity caused by high protein intake. This "short term" emergency measure taken by the body, often results in the long-term consequences of osteoporosis. Practitioners who use nutritional approaches have long recognized this consequence of a high protein diet. (8b) This type of cellular metabolism, has also been shown for Vitamin K-dependent (VKD) proteins and blood clotting (coagulation). (8c) Ref: Vitamin K - and The Centenarian Diet.
Vitamin were invisible 100 years ago. (Note 2 - Discovery) We have investigated vitamins and minerals (micronutrients) for the past 100 years and now have some idea of these requirements.
About 40 micronutrients are identified, the results of not getting these essential nutrients is
The 21th Century, we will discover the vitamins responsible for longevity and triggering our
Longevity Genes i.e. Sirtuins and others, as researched by Dr. Sinclair. These vitamins do not select for death, but for longevity.
The human organism picks survival nutrition first over longevity nutrition when resources are scarce. Dr. Ames has proposed the
Triage Theory, Longevity Vitamins & Micronutrients
(8,8a) and this theory predicts these
Longevity Vitamins and
According to Dr. Bonnie Bassler, cells have spent 2 billion years learning how to communicate and direct activity
to build more complex organisms. This Quorum Sensing allowed the single cells to organize into complex organisms.
Our bodies are "Complex Organisms" and naturally select for survival and redirect micronutrients to critical functions in lieu of longevity
functions when there is a shortage in the nutritional diet. Dr. Ames forecasts that there is a whole undiscovered group of vitamins that the body uses to maintain healthy living and longevity.
This sounds evolutionary and something the body would do, and Dr. Sinclair with Sirtutins and the now popular
Resveratrol is sheding light on these
metabolic longevity pathways.
What we know:
If there is a new class of vitamins and key compounds that our bodies make, then they have always been in our diet and our cells have been using and manufacturing them since the selection of the human organism and its
family tree. Two million years ago our Brain started to get larger.
Soft Diet improved our dietary energy and nutrition intake and Dr. Richard Wrangham explains
Catching Fire: How Cooking Made Us Human | february/2013 (V2,3).
Once our hominid ancestors began cooking their food, more proteins were digestible and starches provided more energy. The human digestive tract shrank and the brain grew. (10,10a) Time once spent chewing tough raw food could be used instead to hunt and to tend camp. Cooking became the basis for pair bonding and marriage, created the household, and even led to a sexual division of labor. (10b)
Medicine as we know it is in trouble, OMG, we can be better doctors to ourselves than the
AMA provides to us by their medical training
and the current curriculum in medical schools.
Certainly We Can Ask Better Questions!
AMA has failed in their mission. Dr Noakes gives a good talk on the problem ...
The Great Diet Controversy: UCT - Challenge Beliefs, Dr. Tim Noakes | november/2013 (V4).
Humans are in Symbiosis on this planet and are symbiotes. The Soil Microbiome is just as important as our Gut Microbiome. The reason why conventional farmers struggle with pests is because the soil is so barren the plants do not have the appropriate microbial support to activate the plants natural defenses. Pesticides kill more than pests, they kill the soil - Sugar is the human pesticide and promotes the wrong Gut Bacteria.
Healthy Microbiomes help plants and animals to activate natural defense mechanisms in the presence of pests. It's what's going on in our gut.
Each microbiome has living organisms - if they're healthy and happy their balance will produce all the foods, micro and macro nutrients needed to stay healthy.
Our health is based on healthy Biomes.
i.e. Happy Biome = Happy Plant = Happy Animal = Happy Human: A Soil Microbiome Education for Optimal Human Health
The medical importance of the human microbiome is well established and our intestines carry a vast and diverse microbial ecosystem that has co-evolved with our species
and is essential for human health. Mammals possess an 'extended genome' of millions of microbial genes located in the intestine -
The Microbiome; consequently, many now consider the
Human - A Superorganism, in which part of the responsibility for host metabolic regulation is devolved to the microbial symbionts. (10c,d)
- The current
Refined-Carbohydrate Dietwhich we are living, is producing
The Saccharine Disease(3) and with modern farming, chemistry, and industry, we have been convinced our modern diet is good, it is not good. Our diets must be diverse, and Dr. Christina Warinner is pioneering the biomolecular investigation of archaeological long-term trends in human health and diet. She gives this interesting talk with some good points. TEDx, Debunking the paleo diet | Dr. Christina Warinner, february/2013
It is now clear that the human body is a fat burning machine and was never intended to burn carbohydrates full time. Of all the grate apes
Humans are the Only one that stores 'Fat'. (Note 3)
Ketones are a better source of energy and we can store 50 times more ketone energy than carbohydrate energy. Ref: Carb Loading Debunked.
Think or yourself walking around your neighborhood eating anything in sight, and remember, you're always eating for two.
- Physicians have abandoned the nutritional approach to patient diagnostics and medicine, simply because they are not trained in nutrition. A key part of the Hippocratic Oath ...
I will prevent disease whenever I can, for prevention is preferable to cure...has been forgotten. Doctors like to quote their mantra
I will do no harm, but most are completely ignorant of nutrition and the 1000s of nutritional and chemical pathways in the human body. Hormones are just one of these many pathways, and that includes cholesterol.
They have little concept of the harm they do when they can only offer
Medicine by Chemistry.
- The Individual must take charge of their own health. Personalized Nutrition will lead to Personalized Medicine
and that individualized medicine becomes the responsibility of the patient, and is the purview of the scientific community. Dr. Mercola has a website dedicated to medicine and the current
view of nutrition called
Functional Medicine. He explains ... Change the Game by Taking Control of Your Health | August/2016 ,
→ Dr. Andrew Saul: The MegaVitamin Man, (Video), explains, if your doctor is to busy to learn, you need to fire your doctor and learn it yourself ... his site is DoctorYourself.com for research sources. Dr. Passwater was one of the first to challenge medical thinking and since 1959 has provided a plethora of information, geared for both scientists and the general public.
→ Medicine as we know it is in trouble, OMG, we can be better doctors than the AMA provides to us with their training. The AMA has failed in their mission.
Big Pharma plays a role as they represent the
Medicine by Chemistry - Pharmaceuticalsolution, however, it cost a billion dollars to get a drug through the FDA, there is no money in nutrition (healthy people) for them to recover these costs. But, their moribund science, sways politicians and governments. Ref: Denise Minger, Death by Food Pyramid: How Shoddy Science ... Ruined Our Health
- Fortunately, there is
Internetand a lot of new and old research is on the web. The individual can get their own PhD in medical nutrition therapy at home. Therefore, the individual must be educated to be proactive in driving their own healthy living.
At a bare minimum ...
"... the first question you should ask yourself when you wake up each day - What genes am I going to turn on today?" ...70GoingOn100
- Number 5, can be answered just by waking up. You know that different sets of genes are turned on as soon as bright lights are detected by the body. These genes prepare your metabolism for digestion and daily activities. This is opposite to night and sleeping which is the Circadian Rhythm, our Metabolic Clock | contributor aug/2016 at work, This awake/sleep cycle turns on different sets of genes. Then there is Stress - Exercise, the act of eating and Digestion. Our Gut microbiome are 80% of our immune system, how many genes does this turn on and what interactions are happening? One quickly realizes that every function we do affects our Genes and Epigenetics | contributor apeil/2016.
Premise for Diet: | Cutural Outline
Premise for Diet: Our modern society created a Nutritional Disease; therefore, we need a Nutritional Solution.
With modern availability of foods, we just need to select high nutrient foods and avoid the obvious foods lacking in nutrition, to stay on this longevity path.
Science has established a biologically limit to how old we can get at 128 years.
[Hayflick Limit - The winding down Molecular Clock.]
This biological mechanism is based on
Telomere Length and the shortening of tolemers as cells divide. The rate of shortening in now shown to be influenced by our
lifestyle and exposure to toxins. A Bad Diet ... the Obesogenic Diet, is loaded with modern toxins and lacking in nutrients.
Ref: Exponential Epigenetic Affects - The rise of Man-Made Diseases | contributor mar/2017
Our body's built in short term survival mechanisms will stay in the background if micro and micro nutrients are provided.
There is no need to trigger the
Triage Theory mechanism within our cells if we maintain a constant flow of micronutrients and a balance of macronutrients.
The Centenarian Diet is based on this premises. This site investigates and reflects this view.
- → Meat, Seafood, great sources for macronutrients and micronutrients but little fiber. With our large brain using 20% of metabolic energy (more when sleeping), and requiring DHA and EPA omega 3's, meat and seafood present an excellent source of proteins, fats and micronutrients. Our soft diet makes these macro and micro nutrients more available. (Note 5) Current evidence shows that our Brain Size, over the last 1,000,000 years, increased 350% and blood flow to the brain increased 600%, clearly indicating our brain's evolutionary energy demands and requirements.
- → Vegetables, great source for macronutrients and micronutrients and fiber. The symbiosis of the human organism, gut organism, and the environment, requires eating everything in sight,
above ground, locally and seasonally. The body needs a large variety of plant food sources to feed our metabolism and our gut microbiome.
- Above Ground eat all greens and grasses, as everything goes to seed, and we were/are grazer just like all animals, consequently, we ate seeds i.e. grains and beans. In addition, "Soaking" was probably used to soften foods, hence fermentation, same thing your gut does.
- Below Ground not recommended, modern starchy roots have been selected for
Taste(less bitter) and "Palatability" (Dr. Peeke on Hyper-Palatable Foods) and have had the fiber selected out of them. Typically these are now high in carbohydrates and lower in nutrients (HCLN), which is also true of our modern grains and fruits. Mark Sisson - Mark's Daily Apple calls the modern apple
... Bags of Sugar, and we define this toxin as ... Refined Saccharides - Sugar - the Modern Weapon of Mass Destruction ‡ WMD.
- → Seasonal - Eggs, eggs are a special class.
Eggs produce a
Completeliving organism. With the chicken egg the embryo gets much of its calcium C++ from the shell to build the animal's bones. But, our paleo ancestors only had eggs available part of the year (mating/brooding cycles) and they were hard to get. This is our
modern advantagein nutrition, as we can get eggs year around. The idea is to avoid
Triage Theory, the body's triage response to nutrient shortages.
- → Seasonal - Fruits, Seeds - (Nuts, Grains, Legumes), once upon a time these were only available part of the year. In the modern age, these are available year round and this is our
modern advantage, and our
modern downfall, we have hybridized for sweetness and palatability (Dr. Peeke on Hyper-Palable Foods). If we manage this category properly, we can avoid triggering the
Triage Theorymechanism within our cells. (Note 7)
Dr. Georgia Ede, MD, on her blog and web site
Diagnosis : Dietexplains grains, beans, nuts as they are all
Contrary to popular belief, Fruits, Nuts, and Melons - African Bush Foods, (11,11a) are available year round in Africa (Equatorial Climates). Also, Tubers - Lost Crops of Africa (11b,11c), can be dug up at any time and provide energy and the fiber (resistant starches) that our gut microbiome needs.
Dr. Georgia Ede explains that a seed is precious to the plant, since it houses the plant’s embryo (Germ or Kernel), and plants have developed very powerful methods to protect the seed and itself. Seeds are designed to survive for a very long time in harsh environments, because they have to sit around and wait for what may be a very long time for conditions to be just right to take root and sprout.
Seeds have 100's of millions of years of development, and are the end result of
Plant growth and Plant Stress, and are high nutrient dense edible foods. Humans use to compete with thousands of other animals for these foods sources, e.g. "Birds", "Squirrels", etc. We adhere to Eating Stressed Vegetables and Products.
- → Carbohydrates - Fiber, Starches, Sugars, the soft food diet is a source of carbohydrate energy only if we cook the starches.
Our "Gut Microbiome" needs to be fed fiber, ("prebiotic inulin-type fructans").
... ref: Carbs - Carbohydrates. These are eaten raw, fire roasted, cooked, baked, soaked, or fermented.
Porridgeapproach, where everything is gathered and used. The tubers, and seeds (legumes, nuts, grains) are eaten raw, cooked, soaked, or fermented. (Note 8)
- There is no known carbohydrate deficiency disease, and hence, no reason to eat carbs, however, they come with the territory when eating fruits and vegetables.
Our body has developed a method of using these carbs but only in a limited fashion - contributor, oct/2016.
We have approximately 5 grams of glucose dissolved in our 5 liters of blood (5.5 mmol/L or 100mg/dL) which equals about 1 tsp. From sheer math, we see that we are very limited to
handling glucose, also, insulin is really a
Growth Hormoneand a trigger for fat storage. Ref: ... this site - Carbs and Insulin resistance - The Real Rub.
- The last 10 years of studies show that, under conditions of carbohydrate restriction, fuel sources shift from glucose and fatty acids to fatty acids and ketones, and that ad libitum-fed carbohydrate-restricted diets lead to appetite reduction, weight loss, and improvement in surrogate markers of cardiovascular disease and autoimmune disorders. (12,12a)
Carbs - the Real Rub
- There is no known carbohydrate deficiency disease, and hence, no reason to eat carbs, however, they come with the territory when eating fruits and vegetables. Our body has developed a method of using these carbs but only in a limited fashion - contributor, oct/2016. We have approximately 5 grams of glucose dissolved in our 5 liters of blood (5.5 mmol/L or 100mg/dL) which equals about 1 tsp. From sheer math, we see that we are very limited to handling glucose, also, insulin is really a
- → Fermented Foods, "The Smart Opportunists" when walking around your neighborhood and if hungry, rotten fruits and vegetables look good. But, contrary to popular belief,
Fruits, Nuts, and Melons - African Bush Foods, are available year round in Africa and anywhere near the equator. (11,11a)
Danelle Wolford, on her blog and web site
Weed em and Reap - Urban Farming, Healthy Livingexplains Soaking and Sprouting whole grains, beans, nuts, and seeds.
Smart Opportunist, low lying fruits, i.e. on ground rotting and fermenting with a broad spectrum of bacteria, was an easy target, and our Human microbiota, dual-biome adapted and benefited. Vitamin K2 is a fermented product of bacteria, and critical to Vitamin D metabolism, and our skin and bone health.
Danelle Wolford, explains "Soaking and Sprouting" whole grains, beans, nuts, and seeds and the fact that cooking isn't enough to break down the anti-nutrients and phytic acid found in grains, beans, nuts and seeds. Soaking transforms something that is dormant and indigestible to something that is full of enzymes, minerals and nutrients.
This was probably a
Porridgeapproach, where everything was gathered and used. Tubers, and seeds (legumes, nuts, grains) come with their own micro-flora and will ferment naturally. Throughout history we have been exposed to fermenting foods. (Note 8) Hence, our taste for
Beers and Wines.
- → Exercise (Stress), and Sleep-Fasting (Time-Restriced Feeding - TRF), is the body's life cycle. Life converts Proteins,
Carbohydrates, and Fats and Lipids into acetyl Co A (metabolism), and uses ATP for energy. Proteins and Lipids are building blocks for cells and
every enzymein the body. Carbohydrates and Fats are store houses of energy and nutrients and are used in building cells and enzymes (Millions per second). All of this is controlled by the Circadian Rhythm | contributor august/2016.
Exercise is Stressand the body has an inflammatory response which turns on genes that rebuild and repair. This built in inflammatory response is important to our health and anti-oxidant supplements have been shown to interfere with the body's own anti-oxidative response. (Note 9)
The repair response is most active when fasting and consequently sleeping. Sleep is DNA repair time and the brain energy use goes up. (11d,11e) Time-Restricted Feeding (TRF) and Its Effects on Obesity, Muscle Mass & Heart Health | June/2016. Circadian rhythm is a real functional part of our daily cycle, and you can monitor this with myCircadianClock.org app. (14)
If you're not hungry, then do not eat. Fasting (Time-Restriced Feeding - TRF) has been shown to reduce aging and all inflammation diseases. Limiting eating to 8-9 hours has many benefits i.e. active hours. DNA repair happens during fasting, this is the new understanding of fasting physiology and our primordial rhythms. (15,15a)
Think of winter time when food was scarce as an example of what our ancestors dealt with. Hippocrates - "Starving/fasting was a normal state for humans", as food was intermittent and they had to rely on natural underground tubers, bugs, and running down animals for foods, or feeding off tidal pools and marshlands during daylight hours. Yet, our brain size doubled in the last 200,000 years and we got intelligent, or is it just a survival response. (Open to Discussion - Dr. Michio Kaku.)
- → Circadian Rhythm and Sleep-Fasting, as it turns out the Human microbiota (Wiki) is influenced by circadian rhythms.
Our gut microbes also keep track of time and their circadian rhythms can influence our own. According to (Thaiss et al/Cell 2016 (16))
We should think of ourselves now as one supraorganism that can't be separated. We have to fully integrate our thinking with regard to any substance that we consume. It is found that intestinal microbiota biogeography and metabolome undergo diurnal oscillations which regulates the host metabolites, epigenetic and transcriptional programs, and the microbiota regulates distant sites in the our/host such as circadian liver transcriptome and detoxification metabolism.... now that is exciting!
The mammalian circadian clock adjusts physiological processes to diurnal environmental variations through the coordination of transcriptome oscillations in peripheral tissues. (16) Cellular metabolism is greatly affected by the activity of the circadian clock, Ref: ... Circadian Rhythm, our Metabolic Clock | contributor august/2016.
Premise:Eat Real Foodsbut that is what all diets recommend, however of the 600,000 foods on the market 90% are no longer real foods, they have beenHybridized,Processed, and engineered to stimulate the Brain's Pleasure Center. This means it is getting harder to find real foods. Ref: ... FAT Chance - Dr. Robert Lustig. and ... the Obesogenic Diet.
Basic Tenet:Starvation, was the normal state of man throughout evolution. This implies thatFasting is a Normal State, andEating is a Stress StateHumans are turning on two different sets of genes as part of our Circadian Rhythm - Metabolic Clock. (Note 4)
- Paleo Diet, simply means eating wild (Hunter Gathers). A good idea but not complete in the interpretation of the human evolution over the last 2 million years. (17,18)
Starches played a part in our diet and cooking made tubers, seeds, and root vegetables eatable. All species are in the search for energy (calories).
The brain uses 20% of available metabolic energy and accounts for 3% of our body mass. Our guts and teeth are the smallest among primates indicating that our
ancestors had a more energy dense diet. We store fat and burn it as fuel and rely on our Gut - Microbiome to insure our immune system stays healthy.
See - Giraffe
Of Note: meats are the highest nutrient dense foods, espeically organ meats ... so eat
Liver just as often as you eat Fishe.g. 3 times a week.
Primarily the difference of Paleo vs. Ketogenic diet is the control of proteins to control Gluconeogenesis, however, the kidneys are like any responsive organ and will increase its protein handling capabilities by growing more glomeruli. This responsive mechanism is true of all animal organs i.e. Muscle.
Paleo Doctor - Now LCHF, Dr. Michael Eades has been on his path for 30 years and now supports the science that indicates we really have no reason to eat carbs ... his recent lecture at Low Carb Down Under - 2016, is heavy on science but demonstrates a clear path to where we are today ... Dr. Mike Eades - 'Paleopathology and the Origins of the Paleo Diet' | Mar/16.
- Modified Atkins, Ketogenic Diet, Ketogenic diets allow consumption of natural fats and protein (meat, fish, poultry) and limit carbohydrates (sugars and starches - 2-4% of calories). That leave
77% for fat, and 15% for protein. Dr. Colin Champ has a blog CaveManDoctor.com, (Video,19).
However, these diets do not quite explain our big brains and gut organism. But it is shown that burning
Fatsfor fuel is much more efficient than burning
Carbohydratesin the body. Discussion: Dr. Mercola Interviews Dr. Volek | january/16. (Video)
- Vegetarianism, great idea for micronutrients and fiber, with some control over obesity, but susceptible to modern farming practices and is not a good interpretation of human evolution the last 2 million years. Also, it does not explain the increase in brain size from 400cc to 1400cc and the brain's reliance on omega 3's and ketogenic energy. There are issues about healthy Fats and Oils in our diet and the Balance of Proteins.
- Raw Foodists, a good idea for weight control, but not good for giving the human organism what it needs. It ignores recent research, the "Human brain evolution", and our "Gut Microbiome". Cooked food produces more available net energy and more nutrition from foods. The Soft Diet - How Cooking Made Us Human - Dr. Richard Wrangham | february/13, and from Ref: ... Raw vs. Cooked Vegetables | contributor may/2016.
- CR - Calorie Restriction, always a good idea, as our ancestors went through periods of natural fasting, i.e.
Starvation. In this day and age, we don't do much fasting, but be can mimic it with TFR - Time Restricted Feeding. Fasting has shown to improve longevity. Ref: ... Circadian Rhythm, our Metabolic Clock | contributor august/2016, Ref: ... Fasting - the Normal State for Humans. and Ref: ... TRF - Time Restricted Feeding - SLEEP AND FASTING. /li>
Counter Point Diets:
Ok - Now What?
What we all know - no one is fooled when people use the word
Diet. It conjures up thoughts of
Restricting our Eating. But, what is the real purpose of a "Diet"? ... the Centenarian Diet is a
Lifestyle - aimed at Health and Longevity.
- Optimize our Metabolism for the Future, OMG - We cannot get to the Future "Sick".
- Maximize a balance of Nutrients with Food Intake.
- Balance Metabolism and Our Bodies will
Just Do Its Thing.
Goals are Simple:
High density nutritious foods are the primary effort of every living animal on this planet. Even plants must seek nutrition and fertile soils with a living
microbiome - soil health, to thrive. Humans are no different, as we sometimes forget why we eat. We carry our own
microbiome - guts and are seeking
Energy for survival, and
Nutrition for growth and disease control.
Supplying the body with proper nutrition is our reason for eating. ... D. S. McGerk | contributor, april/16. ... Dr. Jeanne Sept -
What's Cooking? The Meat and Potatoes of Human Evolution | july/2013. (40)
Dr. Richard Wrangham - ... Catching Fire: How Cooking Made Us Human | february/13.
The rise of Omega 6 fats, and where did the Omega 3's go from our food sources
... D. S. McGerk | contributor, may/2016
Simple solution, avoid carbohydrates as they offer no known nutritional benefits. Carbohydrates are however packaged in food source organisms that do provide Longevity Vitamins, Our foods provide Phytonutrients, macronutrients, micronutrients (for critical DNA repair) (R1), Polyphenols, Phytosterols, Flavonoids, Lignans, Antioxidants, and Carotenoids, that do allow life to continue. Ref: 100 richest dietary sources of polyphenols. (Resource 1,2,3)
Certainly avoid processed carbohydrates, fats and oils, and packaged processed foods. A direct result of too many carbohydrates is Insulin Resistance functional manifested as Carbohydrate Intolerance. Dr. Volek discusses his current views on the benefits of a LCHF plan - Health-Promoting Effects of a Low-Carbohydrate Lifestyle | july/2016 and this site follows this type of plan with the addition of Dr. Ames' "Triage Theory", hence, ... the Centenarian Diet.
New evidence pushes our modernization of diet and tools back to 1.5 million years ago. Our diet changed to high nutrient energy dense meat, making and controlling fire and cooking on formed clay plates go back 1.2 million years. Plant foods became less important and the shrinkage of our intestins shows this and we no longer need long digestive tracts. A freelance youTube video summarizes ... New History of Humanity - Astounding Scientific Discoveries | May/2013.
- Ironically, all that was needed was to stop processing grains. White flour and white sugar could be shipped and stored for month, thus improving shelf life.
Nothing would eat it, as no nutritional value was left.Convenience can be a down fall with unwanted side effects, and not always the best solution.
Wheat is one of the most widely grown crops in the Western world. But the wheat of today is vastly different from the wheat our ancestors grew and ate. This is likely part of the explanation as to why celiac disease and
gluten intolerance have risen four-fold since the 1950s. Until the 19th century, wheat was also usually mixed with other grains, beans and nuts; pure wheat flour has been milled into refined white flour only during the last 200 years.
Grain Brain, written by Dr. David Perlmutter, a neurologist, (20) in which he reveals how processed grains can trigger neurological dysfunction and worsen dementia, also, Dr. Joseph Mercola, 2003 -
The No-Grain Diet. (20a)
The discovery of the vitamins was a major scientific achievement in our understanding of health and disease. In 1912, Casimir Funk originally coined the term “vitamines” from the Latin vitals (vitally important) and
amines (organic derivatives of ammonia). The major period of discovery began in the early nineteenth century and ended at the mid-twentieth century. (21) The puzzle of each vitamin was solved
through the work and contributions of epidemiologists, physicians, physiologists, and chemists. We all know the discover of the cure to
Scurvy, and Vitamin C, also, beriberi (B1), (21a) rickets, pellagra (B3), and xerophthalmia as specific vitamin deficiencies. Many Nobel Prizes came out of the research on vitamins, there discovery, isolation, synthesis and structure. (21b)
- "Carbohydrate/Fruit" and "Seed" consumption has always been "Seasonal" during which time we converted to fat for storage. The human Ape ONLY stores "Fats" and ""Proteins, humans "Do Not" store carbohydrates. (Ref carb loading debunked Humans have the "Shortest Intestinal" tract of all primates, another adaptation to diet. We get fats, proteins, minerals, and vitamins from our Diet - Not as much from our Microbiome, and our microbiome changes seasonally to accommodate diet. TODAY with 63% of our diet from "Carbs" - "Disastrous", since just 117 years ago (1900) Carbs were 10% of the diet and "Seasonal", (USDA stats), we have created “Metabolic Diseases”, - Cancer, Type 2/3 Diabetes, and Dr. Reaven’s Metabolic Syndrome - driven by Insulin Resistance. (Ref Metabolic Disease of Modern Man.)
- Autophagy - a new Science:
Professor Ohsumi's discoveries led to a new paradigm in our understanding of how the cell recycles its content. His discoveries opened the path to understanding
the fundamental importance of autophagy in many physiological processes, such as in the adaptation to starvation or response to infection. Mutations in autophagy genes can cause disease, and the autophagic
process is involved in several conditions including cancer and neurological disease. Built upon the work of
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2003, Peter Agre, Roderick MacKinnon..
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2004, Aaron Ciechanover, Avram Hershko, Irwin Rose. (22,22a,b,c,d)
However, in the Paleo world, this source was probably intermittent (unless living near Tidal Pools). In our diet they are disappearing -
"Where did the Omega 3's Go" contributor. The modern diet is referred to as "The Obesogenic Diet"
a term created by Dr. Rhonda Patrick. The Centenarian diet uses the Asian approach to these protein sources.
Meat and seafood are not the primary entree, but used as an accoutrement or feasting.
With the new science of Autophagy - Recycling Proteins and other Macronutrients we now know
that we only need 40-80 grams or proteins per day. Humans eat too much proteins generating excessive amonia and uric acid. Humans recycle 70% of protein requirements an evolutionary conservation adaptation.
In addition, our
Soft Dietcomes from cooking and humans get a net energy gain. Catching Fire: How Cooking Made Us Human | Dr. Richard Wrangham, february/13. (Video)
Cellis a perfect lean mean machine, and we replace all of our cells regularly. Our bodies are doing this every second, plus DNA repair, and immune responses. The cell has evolved to grow, reproduce, and repair itself. 2 billion years to achieve this, then they started organizing ...
The Human - 2 Biological Organisms in One.
Our favorite youTube presentations on the cell are: TED TALK: The secret, social lives of bacteria, Dr. Bonnie Bassler | april/09 (Video) (23) Chemical Conversations: How Bacteria Talk to Each Other , Dr. Bonnie Bassler | august/10 (23a)
- Scheduled Obesity is an annual event that we can see in many animals. Humans no longer need to do this. But, (modern agriculture has significantly increased the sugar and starch content of
vegetables and fruits over their Paleolithic counterparts), therefore, while tasty, fruits cannot be eaten at all times, vegetables
Greensmust dominate, and allow the Keytogenic Diet benefits to prevail.
Ref: NoFructose.com, Fructose and Polyunsaturated Oils (25)
Is Fruit Good or Bad for You? Dr. Gary Fettke | november/2015 (26)
This is the principle difference between the Paleo Diet and the Centenarian Diet. It is assumed that this was the ancient precursors to breads (sour mash), and beverages (beers, wines), hence alcohols from fermentation.
Our ancestors had their
Glass of Wine a Daybut it came from rotting fermenting foods, but
Heysour-mash is still sour-mash. This will probably be hard to prove in terms of our Paleo ancestors, but there is much evidence throughout history of dried cakes and dried meats. (Ref. "prebiotic inulin-type fructans enhance calcium and magnesium absorption") In any event, fermented foods are rotten foods with friendly bacteria which as hunters, gatherers, and opportunists, (Smart Scavengers) we ate. Evidence show that our paleo ancestors ate over 100g of fiber a day. (27,27a,27b)
Genes are activated, mitochondrial biogenesis is turned on and with it comes the body's own antioxidant response which is used by our immune system.
This is known as Hormesis (28) a beneficial response to stresses (improved health, stress tolerance, growth or longevity).
There is lactate generation which modulates the glycolytic system, (29) molecular mediators used by the cells and all oxygen dependent energy production cycles,
(ex. obesity and insulin resistance (30) the inflammation response is the body's diagnostic and repair response to stress, whether it is
Exerciseor the complex modern
Emerging scientific studies have shown that exogenous anti-oxidant supplements and HRTs have a paradoxical effect. For instance, exercise has been shown to increase the expression of anti-oxidant genes and increase the expression of endogenous hormones (hGH, etc.). However, when exogenous anti-oxidants are used, this reduces the expression of anti-oxidant genes induced by exercise producing a negative effect. Supplement anti-oxidants and HRTs treat the symptoms (i.e. “downstream effects) of aging, rather than the cause (“upstream events”) of aging. (31)
- Eggs - Truly Pastured, are the perfect food with a "Glycemic Index = Zero".
There’s No Substitute for Pasture-Raised. Pastured eggs are, quite literally, the cream of the crop. A Pennsylvanian study
[Karsten, HD. et al. Cambridge Core 2010]
found that the nutrients in pastured eggs far surpassed anything found in “commercially-raised” eggs.
According to the Dr Karsten, “eggs from pastured hens eggs have twice as much vitamin E and long-chain omega-3 fats, more than double the total omega-3 fatty acids, and less than half the ratio of
omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acids. Vitamin A was 38% higher ...”. (32)
Note: The chicken embryo uses the
Egg Shellas its source of Calcium [C++] during development. The embryo mechanism for translocating eggshell calcium into the circulation of the developing chick embryo is dependent on healthy chickens and shown to be dependent on proper vitamin K metabolism and data shows that vitamin D may be involved in chick embryonic calcium metabolism by regulating the mobilization of yolk calcium. (33)
The Cornucopia Institute, Scrambled Eggs: Separating Factory Farm Egg Production from Authentic Organic Agriculture, this report will empower consumers and wholesale buyers who want to invest their food dollars to protect hard-working family farmers that are in danger of being forced off the land by a landslide of eggs from factory farms.